ALSO CONSIDER: Aromatic, Crisp & Rich whites or Fruity reds, as well as Sparkling wines, Fortified wines (Port and Sherry), beer, cider and stout.
What distinguishes Hard cheeses from Semi-Hard is that they have a lower moisture content (and therefore a higher fat content, in percentage terms), have a very firm structure (they are usually pressed) and are aged for longer periods, which can give them stronger, more concentrated flavors.
Due to their low moisture content Hard cheeses keep very well. Examples include Emmental, Gruyére and Parmesan.
Generally, Hard cheeses are best paired with Smooth and Powerful reds, but can be paired with any style depending on personal preference and the flavor profile of the cheese.
Sparkling wines, Fortified wines (Port and Sherry), beer, cider and stout are also options worth considering.
To find a great pairing for a particular dish or an individual wine, see the Food index on Pocket Wine or go to the Food Pairing section of the relevant grape variety.